About the Project
Urban India produces about 42.0 million tons of municipal solid waste annually i.e. 1.15 lakh metric tons per day(TPD), out of which 83,378 TPD is generated in 423 Class-I cities. Waste generated in 423 Class-I cities works out to 72.5% of the total waste generated each day .
• Generation: Sources of municipal solid waste are households, Commercial
Establishments, Corporate houses & Institutions. Waste is generally
disposed from the sources in mixed form.
• Collection: Door to door collection efficiency ranges from 22% - 60%,
Inadequate training or no training is provided to primary collectors and they
have bare minimum safety equipment provided.
• Transportation: Inadequate finance leads to inefficient transport system
which is not custom built to carry segregated waste.
• Remediation: Due to the mixed state of waste, % remediation of
biodegradable waste is very low. Currently, though numerous options exist as to which remediation technology is to be used, the priority is to find storage locations for each class of the segregated waste until the appropriate technology is selected for remediation.
• Recycling: The recovery and recycling of waste is still low, and the smaller
units Which recycle the maximum follow unsafe practices which lead to
release of toxic plastics into the markets.
• Landfill: Most of the waste finds its way into the land fill due to its mixed
Numerous NGOs have been actively working towards spreading awareness about segregated waste disposal from source however, a sustainable, scalable system which can be universally applied is still at large.
The current project relates to a standardised and universally applicable process towards achieving system integration in segregating municipal solid waste at source and resultant collection, treatment and disposal planning because,
“If you don’t measure it, you can’t know it. If you don’t know it, you can’t control it. If you can’t control it, you are at the mercy of chance!”
- Six Sigma Philosophy
This MSWM project has been created to –
1) Engage general population into community development and thus
providing awareness and training in order to prevent mixed waste disposal
2) In-corporate E-Governance into municipal services.
3) Provide training and performance monitoring controls in waste
4) To support remediation technologies and thus inviting further investments.
5) To enable corporate houses to invest in community development with
profitable returns on investment.
6) Enable a sustainable and profitable service-delivery model in municipal
services and thus achieving paid services through pay as you throw
7) To achieve land resource savings through minimum contribution to
Project Basis :
Community Engagement is more than a goal in itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance.
The Product :
The current product is an alpha numeric and colour coded labelling system. The label acts as the source data carrier (hardware) which is integrated to a Geographic information system and has information like source location details and other source details relevant to municipal services. The information is imported to a Computer network (Management Information Systems) through Bar-code, scanning, imaging or Radio Frequency identification.
The Initiation phase:
The urban community is mapped to a Geographic Information System as per the Municipal Zone, circle and ward. In parallel, the below mentioned milestones need to be achieved.
1) A customer helpline for community services is to be set upset up
(a Community 911).
2) Receipt of the feedback/suggestions of the residents and action plan.
3) Manpower allocation and trainings towards daily trash pick-ups.
4) Primary collection vehicle customization towards segregated pickups.
5) Assessment of waste quantity that will be generated as per their
classification and the inventory management program related to it.
6) Financial modelling towards user charges to be levied on the households.
The Implementation phase :
The segregated waste is to be disposed into the respective bins and is labelled prior to pickup by the primary collector or generator ( subject to customization).
The waste is weighed and a visual quality check is done by the primary collector.
The labels are submitted at the secondary transfer point as input data into the management information systems.
The transport vehicles are then routed as per their supply chain network.
a) Interactive mechanism between the urban community and municipal solid
waste management agency.
b) The urban community mapped on a Geographic Information system as
per their socio-economic habitat.
b) Standardization of waste management practices.
c) Process controls from waste generation to disposal.
d) Real time data sets.
e) Financial Modelling towards remediation technology.
f) Paid services.
g) Individual polluter tracker.
h) E-Governance in municipal solid waste management
P.S: A detailed presentation is shared via slideshare below.
Project Action Plan
Project Action Plan
1Developing a Project management unit as per the guidelines of World Bank on “capacity building for urban development” dated June 17th 2011.- subject to iteration of the current project.
Developing a Project management unit as per the guidelines of World Bank on “capacity building for urban development” dated June 17th 2011.- subject to iteration of the current project.
2Individual presentations of the product and process towards inviting funds
Individual presentations of the product and process towards inviting funds
3Content development on the key aspects of Sustainable Development.
Content development on the key aspects of Sustainable Development.
4Submission of the Project management unit and gap analysis to World Bank.
Submission of the Project management unit and gap analysis to World Bank.
Who will this help Rise
1) General population.
2) Urban Local Bodies.
a) Municipal Bodies
b) Contractors (collection & transportation of waste).
3) Private partnerships.
a) Companies from different sectors.
b) Infrastructure companies.
c) Recycling (organised / rag pickers).
d) Remediation companies.
4) Land Resource (Landfill).
6) Public Heath.
How will this help them Rise?
A) General Population.
1) Daily awareness/training mechanism on waste segregation.
2) Standard procedure/guidelines.
3) A mechanism for service delivery in waste management.
B) Urban Local Bodies.
1) Provides a revenue source.
2) Singular process for better operation and maintenance.
3) Continuous on the job training of personnel.
4) Transparent performance monitoring.
5) Ease of management.
6) Tangible returns paving way to appreciation for the facilities set up by the Urban Local Body for the use and safety of the community.
7) Resource planning.
C) Private partnerships (Public Private Partnerships).
1) Source of revenue stream (user fee applicability/Pay as you throw).
2) Sufficient real time data for planning daily operations and research.
3) Effective systems and procedures.
4) Daily data which facilitates funding for further research and development in
5) Transparency for channeling funds towards the betterment of Municipal Solid Waste management to get Tangible returns.
D) Land Resource (Landfill).
1) Achieves the ultimate goal of zero contribution to landfills.
1) Avoids and accounts further Green House Gas emissions from landfill.
2) Avoids further Land pollution via leach-ate at landfill site.
3) Avoid further ground water contamination via leach-ate at landfill site.
F) Public Health
1) Landfill sites are the largest breeding ground for mosquitoes. Minimal contribution to landfills helps us control the menace.
2) Overflowing public dustbins are controlled through resource planning.
G) Economy :
1) The waste management industry is at a very nascent stage and is expected to grow relatively much faster than other sectors as waste management is of high priority today. A standard system not only helps in inviting more investments it also creates more employment opportunities.
2) Efforts are being made to recognize the contribution of rag pickers in minimizing green house gas emissions. One of the objectives of this system is to quantify their efforts and help organize their sector.
P. Ravi Chandra
Chemical engineer currently pursuing Masters in Environmental Management. An amateur researcher currently developing a project proposal on Sustainable Development.
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